The health system in Uganda is based on a referral system, existing of different levels of health care. The healthcare provider in charge of the Health Center can refer the patient to a higher level and this can be continued until reaching the highest level. Hospital services are provided by the public, Private Not for Profit (PNFP), Private Health Practitioners (PHP), and Traditional and Complementary Medicine Practitioners . The private sector provides about 50% of reported services (they are however expensive and cant be afforded by the majority). Public health service in Uganda is provided without user fees; however, user fees in private wings of public hospitals remain. This means that Public Health facilities are the most used because they are affordable and easily accessible especially in rural areas.
80% of the Uganda population live in rural areas. The main referral health facility is rural areas is a Health Centre III. These health facilities are the most accessed and used, but unfortunately they are the most under facilitated. Most of these health centres have no water supply, and have no electricity.